Estella's father is a convict (Magwitch) and her mother is a maid(Molly).

In both books, the situations and moral messages reflectthe author's opinions and ideas on ethical subjects such has premaritalsex, pregnancy, single motherhood, and above all, the trials andtribulations of love. 1914 they learned that which forevermore shall be the two armies had become separated and they prepared a battle plan.